Divalproex sodium 125mg cap - Medications and Drugs
Depakote Sprinkle Capsules contain specially coated particles of divalproex sodium equivalent to mg of to mg of valproic acid in a hard gelatin capsule.
Irina Alyakina Definition Divalproex sodium is an anticonvulsant antiseizure drug. It is also used to treat mania and to help prevent migraine headaches, divalproex sodium 125mg cap.
It is sold under multiple brand names in the United States, including Depacon, Depakene, Depakote, and Depakote sprinkle. Purpose Divalproex sodium is effective in the treatment divalproex epilepsy, particularly for preventing simple, complex petit malabsence, divalproex sodium 125mg cap, mixed, and tonic-clonic grand mal seizures. Divalproex sodium is also used to sodium the manic phase of bipolar disorder also called manic-depressive disorder in adults, and to prevent migraine headache in adults.
Description Divalproex sodium is chemically compounded from sodium valproate and valproic acid in a 1: 125mg sodium is thought to work by increasing the levels of a brain neurotransmitter called gamma-aminobutyric acid GABA. GABA is an inhibitory neurotransmitter, which means that its presence makes it harder for nerve cells neurons in the brain to become activated fire. It is believed that increasing GABA's inhibitory action on brain neurons accounts for the ability of divalproex sodium to decrease seizures, curb manic behaviors, and decrease the frequency of migraine headaches.
Divalproex sodium was discovered to decrease tadalafil 20mg / dapoxetine 60mg likelihood of seizure in Other uses for divalproex sodium were researched and approved subsequently, including 125mg against mania and use to decrease migraine cap frequency.
Divalproex sodium's approval as an divalproex medication was considered an exciting advance, since it represented the first new drug introduced for this use in 25 years. Recommended dosage Divalproex sodium is available in tablets of mg, mg, and cap. Divalproex sodium is also available in mg capsules, and in a mg extended release tablet, divalproex sodium 125mg cap.
A syrup is also available, containing mg sodium drug per 5 mL.
Divalproex sodium therapy is usually started at 10—15 mg per kg of sodium weight per day. Dosages are then increased until seizures seem to be well controlled. This is usually achieved at averages under 60 mg per kg per day. To treat mania, divalproex sodium 125mg cap, divalproex sodium is usually started at a 125mg dose of about cap. For migraine prevention, divalproex sodium is started at mg, twice per day. In some patients, this dose will have to be raised to a total divalproex 1, divalproex sodium 125mg cap, mg per day.
Precautions A greater risk of liver damage exists in patients with kidney disease, known liver disease, Addison's disease, blood diseases, children under the age of two, patients with organic brain diseases such as Alzheimer's, divalproex sodium 125mg cap, Parkinson's, slow virus infections, Huntington's chorea, multiple sclerosis, etc.
Because divalproex sodium can affect a patient's blood by dropping the platelet a type of blood cell that affects clotting count and interfering sodium coagulation clotting capability, divalproex sodium 125mg cap, both platelet count and coagulation parameters should be verified before starting the medication and at intervals throughout its use.
Divalproex 125mg is known to divalproex an increased risk of birth defects when taken during pregnancy.
An individual and her health care provider must weigh the potential risks and benefits of using this medication during pregnancy. Women who take this medicine should not breast-feed, since a small amount will pass into the breast milk Divalproex sodium causes drowsiness and impairs alertness in some individuals.
Patients just beginning to use the medication should avoid driving and using dangerous divalproex until they determine how the drug affects them, divalproex sodium 125mg cap. The sedative effects are increased in the presence of alcohol, so patients should avoid drinking while taking medicines containing divalproex sodium.
Side effects Some of the more common side effects of divalproex sodium include mild stomach cramps, change in menstrual cycle, diarrhea, loss of hair, indigestion, decreased appetite, nausea and vomiting, trembling in the hands and arms, and weight loss or weight gain. These side effects usually go away as the patient's body becomes accustomed to the medication.
Less common side effects include severe stomach cramps or continued nausea and vomiting, changes in mood, behavior, or thinking, double vision or seeing spots, severe fatiguecompare price alprazolam bruising or unusual bleeding, yellow cast to the sodium or the whites of the eyes jaundiceodd eye movements, and increased seizures, divalproex sodium 125mg cap.
Patients who notice these symptoms should check with their doctor to see if their dosage or medication needs to be adjusted. Rare side effects cap should be checked out by a doctor include clumsiness, difficulty with balance, constipation, dizziness, drowsiness, headache, skin rash, agitation, restlessness, or irritability.
Interactions Divalproex sodium is broken down metabolized in the liver. Other drugs that are 125mg in the liver can have too low or too high concentrations in the body when taken with divalproex sodium.
Levels of divalproex sodium may be increased when taken with felbamate, isoniazid, salicylates aspirin-containing medicationsclarithromycin, erythromycin, and troleandomycin. Divalproex sodium order zovirax cream us increase levels of carbamazepinephenytoin, lamotriginenimodipine, phenobarbital, and zidovudine. Use with clonazepam may cause absence seizures.
Divalproex Nursing Considerations, Side Effects, and Mechanism of Action Pharmacology for Nurses
Cholestyramine and colestipol may reduce the absorption and the blood levels of divalproex sodium. Resources Ellsworth, Allan J. Mosby's Medical Drug Reference.